Subject: Creating contrasting, biomorphic forms
Activity: Contrasting shapes
Materials: Found objects or clay
Vocabulary: contrast, figurative, malleable, organic/biomorphic forms, unconscious
Louise Bourgeois was born in France in 1911 to a family of tapestry craftsmen. She moved to New York in 1938, where she continues to live to this day. Early in her career, Bourgeois worked with malleable materials, such as plaster and latex, to create organic/biomorphic forms. Later, she made marble and bronze sculptures, selecting her stones from famous quarries around Carrara in Italy. Though working with hard materials, Bourgeois continued to depict organic forms, often drawing upon figurative features, such as the eyes.
In this sculpture, the marble eyes stare out, expressing strength and a challenge to the viewer. Bourgeois liked the transformative process of working from a block of marble: “The cube no longer exists as a pure form for contemplation; I take it over with my fantasy, my life force. I put it to the use of my unconscious.”
What does Eyes appear to be suggesting to you?
Why do you think the artist chose just one part of the human figure?
Why did Bourgeois chose marble?
How do plaster and latex differ from marble?
What is your interpretation of the quote from Bourgeois in the Introduction?
How do you think it applies to this sculpture?
In this sculpture, Bourgeois uses simple contrasting shapes: circles and a square. Use simple shapes to make your own sculpture. You may chose to use found objects or clay.
Eyes weighs 11,000 pounds!
Louise Bourgeois’ Eyes and Bryan Hunt’s Amphora were both made in the same year out of very traditional materials - marble and bronze. Compared with steel,
a material used for many of the sculptures at the University of Texas, marble and bronze have long histories. People living in the Cyclades, a chain of islands running across the Aegean Sea from Greece to Turkey, were the rst to use marble for sculpture (from about 3,000 BCE). Likewise, the earliest known bronzes are from the ancient Near East (now Iran and Iraq) and date from about 4,000 BCE.
How does the long history of marble and bronze sculpture in uence the work of Bourgeois and Hunt? Why would a twentieth-century artist choose to work with traditional materials rather than machine-age materials like steel or aluminum?
Contrast - two or more unlike elements (as color, tone, emotion) in the same work of art
Figurative- representing a figure
Malleable - a material that can be easily stretched or shaped Organic/Biomorphic forms - resembling the forms of living organisms
Unconscious - a part of a person’s psyche, or mind, that is not usually enter awareness except through slips of the tongue or dreams